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Murphy et al. 2010. Extending pine bark supplies with wholetree and clean chip residual subsrates.

Comprehensive study that tested growth of major crops in various percentages of pine bark and two alternative substrates. Offers good history of the two substrates and their limitations in past research. This research will provide answers to growers looking to use substrate as an alternative or addition to pine bark. Murphy, A-M, CH Gilliam, GB Fain, HA Torbert, TV Gallagher, JL Sibley, SC Marble, and AL Witcher. JEH 28:217-223 (2010).

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This project received support from the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services as part of the Specialty Crops Block Grant Program.

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